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Adolescent Diabetes 2019

About conference

Conference Series invites worldwide global audience and presenters to participate at the International Conference on Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes which is to be held in  Tokyo, Japan during Feb 27-28, 2019.

Special interest and theme of the conference is “Novel  Insights On Pediatrics and Adolescent Diabetes”.


Adolescent Diabetes 2019 aims to provide an opportunity to share knowledge, expertise along with unparalleled networking opportunities between a large number of medical and industrial professionals in this sphere. The meeting gathers renowned scientists, physicians, surgeons, young researchers, industrial delegates and talented student communities in the field of diabetic medicine under a single roof where networking and global partnering happens for the acceleration of future research. This conference is an international platform for presenting research about diabetes management and therapeutics, exchanging ideas about it and thus, contributes to the dissemination of knowledge in management of the disease for the benefit of the society. Adolescent Diabetes  2019 is where the future of management and novel therapeutics for the disease intersects.

Conference Series llc LTD organizes a conference series of 1000+ Global Events inclusive of 300+ Conferences, 500+ Upcoming and Previous Symposiums and Workshops in USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific societies and publishes 700+ Open access journals which contains over 30000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members

Why to attend?

Adolescent Diabetes  2019 highlights the theme “Novel  Insights On Pediatrics and Adolescent Diabetes” Which emphasis on the latest advancements in prevention and treatment cure of various metabolic diseases which may be due to diabetic and endocrine complications and provides robust discussions on methods and strategies related to diagnosis, prevention and management of metabolic disorders as well as explore new ideas and concepts for treatment of Endocrine Complications.. 

Target Audience:

  • Endocrinologists
  • Diabetologists
  • Researchers
  • Practitioners/Doctors
  • Students
  • Nurse educator
  • Podiatrist
  • Dietitian
  • Eye Doctors
  • Nephrologists
  • Physical trainer or Exercise physiologist

 

 

Session/Tracks

Track 1: Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition characterized by high blood sugar (glucose) levels, either because of insulin production is inadequate or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin or both. Type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent diabetes) was known as juvenile diabetes as it is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. It arises from the autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing pancreatic β cells and it can be managed with insulin as well as dietary changes and exercise. Whereas type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent diabetes) is a heterogeneous condition resulting from a combination of insulin resistance and inadequate insulin secretion by pancreatic beta cells. Type 2 diabetes can be managed with non-insulin medications, insulin, weight loss, or dietary changes. Type 3 diabetes is caused by the insulin resistance in the brain and it may lead to Alzheimer’s disease. There are several other rare types of diabetes such as latent autoimmune diabetes of adults (LADA), double diabetes, and brittle diabetes. The common symptoms of diabetes are weight loss, slow healing wounds, polyuria (increased urination), numbness in the feet, polydipsia (increased thirst), and polyphagia (increased hunger).

  • Diabetes mellitus type-1
  • Diabetes mellitus type-2
  • Steroid induced diabetes
  • Idiopathic diabetes
  • Monogenic diabetes
  • Cystic fibrosis related diabetes
  • Genetics of diabetes
  • Emerging focus on diabetes research

Track 2: Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes in which a woman develops high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. Pregnancy hormones and increased fat deposits during pregnancy mediate insulin resistance during pregnancy. Pregnancy hormones compete with the insulin for the insulin receptor. Insulin resistance prevents glucose from entering the cells properly. As a result, glucose remains in the bloodstream, where glucose levels rise. It can be managed by exercise and a healthy diet. Insulin injections are the most common medical treatment for gestational diabetes. If gestational diabetes is not detected and controlled, it may increase the risk of birth complications, such as shoulder dystocia (when the baby's shoulder gets stuck during the birth). Babies of mothers with gestational diabetes may experience respiratory distress syndrome, hypoglycaemia and can also be large for their gestational age. Women with gestational diabetes are at high risk of developing diabetes mellitus later in life.

  • Prediabetes
  • Placental hormones
  • Etiology and pathogenesis
  • Prognosis of gestational diabetes
  • Risk factors for gestational hypertension
  • Monitoring fetal growth and well-being

Track 3: Diabetes Complications

Several types of complications are seen due to uncontrollable diabetes. Long-term complications of diabetes develop gradually. They are divided into microvascular (due to damage to small blood vessels) and macrovascular (due to damage to larger blood vessels). Microvascular complications include damage to eyes, kidney failure and impotence. Macrovascular complications include cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks, strokes and insufficiency in blood flow to legs. The other factors that quicken the complications of diabetes include smoking, high cholesterol levels, obesity, high blood pressure, and lack of exercise. By controlling the blood sugar level and regular diabetes check-ups, risk of complications can be lowered. Early recognition and prevention of the diabetic complications are mandatory for the improvement of the quality of life and psychological outcome of these patients.

  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Diabetic neuropathy
  • Stiff person syndrome
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Celiac disease
  • Diabetic foot disorder
  • Diabetic coma

Track 4: Endocrinology

Endocrinology is the study of endocrine system, its diseases, and its specific secretions known as hormones. Examples of hormones include thyroid hormone, growth hormone, and insulin. These hormones influences major body functions, including the body's ability to change calories into energy, also regulate processes, such as appetite, breathing, fluid balance, feminization, and weight control.  The endocrine system also influences heart beats, bones and tissues growth. It plays a vital role in whether or not you develop diabetes, thyroid disease, growth disorders, sexual dysfunction, and a host of other hormone-related disorders.

Endocrinology diseases may relate to too much or too little secretion of a hormone, too much or too little action of a hormone, or problems with receiving the hormone. Common endocrine disorders include diabetes mellitus, Addison’s disease, Cushing’s syndrome, Graves’ disease, acromegaly, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, hypothyroidism, and hyperthyroidism. These disorders often have widespread symptoms, affect multiple parts of the body, and can range in severity from mild to very severe. Treatments often relays on adjusting hormone balance using synthetic hormones. Untreated endocrine disorders can have widespread complications throughout the body.

  • Cushing’s disease
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
  • Reproductive endocrinology and infertility
  • Grave’s disease
  • Osteoporosis
  • Paget’s disease and rickets
  • Niemann- Pick syndrome
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome

Track 5: Diabetes and Obesity

Obesity is a medical condition which results from the accumulation of excess fat on the body. Obesity is thought to trigger changes to the body's metabolism. It also adds pressure on body's ability to use insulin, to properly control blood sugar levels, and are therefore more likely to develop diabetes. The abdominal fat influences fat cells to release ‘pro-inflammatory’ chemicals, which can reduce insulin sensitivity by disrupting the function of insulin responsive cells and their ability to respond to insulin. Obesity also causes prediabetes, a metabolic condition that almost always develops into type 2 diabetes.

Obesity has many causes such as age, gender, genes, psychological makeup, socioeconomic, and environmental factors. Certain medical conditions and medications can cause or promote obesity, although these are much less common causes of obesity than overeating and inactivity. Some examples of these are depression, certain medications (examples are steroids, antidepressants, control pills), Polycystic ovarian syndromePrader-Willi syndrome. The goal of obesity treatment is to reach and stay at a healthy weight. All weight-loss programs focus on eating habits and physical activity.

  • Control of obesity
  • Weight management
  • Advanced treatment for obesity
  • Endocrinal and hormonal obesity
  • Over weight and cancer risk
  • Glucose intolerance
  • High blood pressure and obesity
  • Type 2 diabetes and obesity
  • Gallbladder disease

Track 6: Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is a combination of risk factors which includes high blood pressure, hyperglycemia, abnormal cholesterol levels and excess body fat around the waist that occur together, doubling your risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.  This condition is also known by other names including Syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome, and dysmetabolic syndrome. Insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome and prediabetes have overlapping aspects and are closely linked to one another. Most of the disorders associated with metabolic syndrome have no symptoms, although it is closely linked to insulin resistance, overweight or obesity and inactivity. Metabolic syndrome can be prevented or reversed by adopting few number of lifestyle changes, including losing weight, regular exercise, healthy diet, stopping smoking, cutting down on alcohol. Elevated liver enzymes, an indicator of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, may comprise an additional component of the metabolic syndrome and may serve as a surrogate marker for type 2 diabetes.

  • Pathophysiology of metabolic syndrome
  • Risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome
  • Diagnosis, treatments and medications
  • Advances in BMI testing
  • Nursing care and paediatrics
  • Rheumatic diseases
  • Metabolic disorders and stem cell transplantation

Track 7: Epidemiology of Diabetes

Epidemiology is the study and analysis of incidence, distribution, and possible control of diseases and other factors relating to health. As per the statistics in 2017, an estimated 8.8 % of the global adult population were living with diabetes. The prevalence of diabetes has nearly doubled since 1980, rising from 4.7% to 8.8% in the global adult population. This reflects an increase in associated risk factors such as overweight or obese. Over the past decade, diabetes prevalence has risen faster in developing countries than in developed countries. Type 2 diabetes mellitus occurs throughout the world, but is more common in the more developed countries. The disease burden related to diabetes is high and rises in every country. The premature morbidity, mortality, reduced life expectancy and financial and other costs of diabetes make it an important public health condition.

  • Epidemiological studies
  • Risk factor studies
  • Diabetes prevention plan: exercise, diet and lifestyle
  • Prevention of gestational diabetes and complications
  • Epidemiology and obesity
  • Epidemiology and nutrition
  • Epidemiology and mental health

Track 8: Diabetic Education and Healthcare Professionals

Diabetes education is an integral component of the diabetes management and care, because diabetes requires day-to-day knowledge of nutrition, exercise, monitoring, and medication. A healthy diet is central to the management of diabetes. The aim of patient education is for people with diabetes to improve their knowledge, skills and confidence, enabling them to take increasing control of their own condition and integrate effective self-management into their daily lives. High-quality structured education can have an effect on health outcomes and can significantly improve quality of life. The potential benefits of an effective patient education programme for people with diabetes should include improving knowledge, health beliefs and lifestyle changes, improving patient outcomes - eg, weight, haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), lipid levels, smoking and psychosocial changes, improving levels of physical activity, reducing the need for - and potentially better targeting of - medication and other items such as blood testing strips.

  • Medication adherence in diabetes
  • Nutritional management
  • Weight management
  • Psychosocial adjustment
  • Diabetes disease process
  • Glucose monitoring
  • Education for insulin users and non-insulin users

Track 9: Cholesterol, High Blood Pressure and Diabetes

Cholesterol is an organic substance that body uses to produce vitamin D, make certain hormones and build healthy cells. High cholesterol and diabetes are linked to each other. Diabetes can disturb the balance between HDL and LDL cholesterol levels. LDL particles of the people with diabetes tend to stick to arteries and can easily damage blood vessel walls. Glucose coated LDL remains in the bloodstream longer and may lead to the formation of plaque. Low HDL levels are seen in the people with diabetes. Both of these increase the risk of heart and artery disease. There is a link between high blood pressure (also called hypertension) and high cholesterol. When the arteries become narrowed and hardened with cholesterol plaque, the heart has to force much harder to pump blood through them. As a result, blood pressure becomes abruptly high.

  • Good (HDL) and bad (LDL) cholesterols
  • Dietary sources of cholesterol
  • Impaired blood vessels
  • Circulation problems
  • Increase in the amount of body fluids
  • Changes in insulin management
  • Lifestyle changes to lower cholesterol

Track 10: Cholesterol Metabolism

All the tissues synthesize cholesterol from acetyl-CoA. In adult the most actively synthesizing organs are liver and intestinal wall. The capacity of hydroxymethylglutarylCoA (HMG-CoA) reductase determines the rate of synthesis of cholesterol in most of the tissues. Cholesterol is absorbed in the presence of bile salts. After entering the cells of the intestinal mucosa, cholesterol is incorporated into chylomicrons, which enter the blood circulation via the lymphatic system. The proportion of the cholesterol in the food that is absorbed depends upon the  and the amount of triglyceride in the diet; triglyceride tends to promote cholesterol absorption. It is then oxidized by the liver into a variety of bile acids. Bile acids, along with cholesterol itself, are excreted from the liver into the bile. Almost 95% of the bile acids are reabsorbed from the intestines, and the remainder are lost in the faeces. The excretion and reabsorption of bile acids forms the basis of the enterohepatic circulation. 

  • Cholesterol metabolism and immunology
  • Hepatic cholesterol metabolism
  • Bile acid metabolism
  • Cholesterol metabolism in central nervous system
  • Intestinal cholesterol absorption
  • Dubin Johnson syndrome

Track 11: Cholesterol Metabolism and Diabetes

Cholesterol metabolism is altered in diabetes. Cholesterol absorption is decreased and the cholesterol biosynthesis is increased in diabetes. The increased cholesterol synthesis can be reduced by insulin. Low cholesterol absorption efficiency has been reported earlier in a limited number of diabetic subjects with mild hyperlipidemia and in moderately overweight. In type 2 diabetes, in obesity and in conditions such as cortisol excess (Cushing’s Syndrome), raised insulin levels are frequently found. Insulin resistance is often associated. Lack of insulin can lower the level of "good" cholesterol (HDL, or high density lipoprotein). When insulin is given and well controlled, HDL numbers typically go back to normal. Cholesterol problems in people who have type 1 diabetes are usually related to the lack of insulin. Gestation diabetes mellitus is associated with higher cholesterol synthesis in the first trimester, and elevated serum squalene levels in the second and third trimester of pregnancy, and that maternal serum squalene and cholesterol synthesis correlates with birth weight.

  • Insulin resistance
  • Cholesterol absorption
  • Cholesterol synthesis
  • Enterohepatic circulation
  • Sterols and diabetes
  • The succinate hypothesis

Track 12: Lipid Metabolism and Diabetes

Patients with diabetes often show abnormal lipid profiles because insulin regulates several of the steps of lipid metabolism. Patients with type 1 diabetes that exhibit effective glycaemic control may exhibit qualitative abnormalities. Dyslipidaemia in type2 diabetes is characterised by several strictly linked abnormalities: elevated fasting and postprandial triglycerides, a significant decrease in high‐density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and an increase in smaller low‐density lipoprotein (LDL) and HDL particles. Also, the elevated postprandial triglycerides that are often present in patients with type2 diabetes may be linked to insulin resistance. Therefore, the abatement of hyperglycaemia and insulin resistance should be one of the main treatment objectives to address dyslipidaemia in patients with diabetes.

  • Lipid metabolism and hyperglycemia
  • Risk factors for lung cancer
  • Lipid metabolism in type 2 diabetes
  • Lipid metabolism in type 1 diabetes
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Lipid metabolism in cancer metastasis

Track 13: Cardiovascular Diseases and Metabolic Risk

Presence of high level of cholesterol in the blood may increase risk of cardiovascular disease, heart attack and stroke. If the cholesterol is high, the excess oily substance will stick to the walls of the arteries, and eventually hardens, forming a type of plaque that damages the arteries. They become narrowed and lose their elasticity. This can contribute to the development of high blood pressure or hypertension, which can cause more damage to the blood vessels. The ultimate danger is that the arteries will become so narrowed that a blood clot will block blood flow, causing a severe cardiovascular event. Obesity, along with the high waist circumference and high body mass index, is an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD) and diabetes.

  • Pathophysiology of metabolic syndrome
  • Risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome
  • Diagnosis, treatments and medications
  • Advances in BMI testing
  • Nursing care and paediatrics
  • Rheumatic diseases
  • Metabolic disorders and stem cell transplantation

 

 

 

To Collaborate Scientific Professionals around the World

Conference Date Febraury 27-28, 2019 Tokyo, Japan

Speaker Opportunity

Supported By

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism Endocrinology & Diabetes Research Journal of Clinical and Molecular Endocrinology

All accepted abstracts will be published in respective Conference Series LLC LTD International Journals.

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